A S H T I U U HU L E HA.

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2 A S H T I U U HU L E HA. &Vhn t h ra v a g s of this d i s a s w r s o s vrly flt i n this c o u n t r y in th r wr f w of i t s victims who profitd b y t h rmdial rsourc s thn m p loyd. Int rnal a pplic ations w r rarl y su c c ssful a n d x p ri nc go s to pro v that t h c aus s of failur on t h p a rt of t h fa cult y ma y b justly attributd to t h inffi cincy of t h rmdial m ans thn usd. T h symptoms of this dis as a r vid n c s of a suddn loss of t h vital h at or livin g p ow r. B rand y a n d oth r stimul ants w r fr ly a pplid but of thos w h o w r thus tr atd by fa r t h gr atr numbr wr in a f w hours c on si g nd to t h g ra v. W' arm or tpid b aths w r found of mor adv anta g th an mdicins a n d if stam baths h a d thn b n brou g ht into rquisition t h chol ra would ha v b n no mor to b f ard than a n ordina ry a tta ck of f v r. T h symptoms of Asiatic cholra a r a sli g ht p ain in t h r g ion of t h n aval followd by copious al vin discha r g s to ths suc c d cold t rmo ' urs whil a clammy sw at b d ws t h s urfa c of t h body sicknss a n d vomitin g follow a nd so rapid symptoms in thir a r t h dvlopmnt unfavourabl that in a f most adly w hours a t t h d collaps nsus. is I vidnt that in ass rmth t t h abov c mor w a a n d vi tal owr wantin p a r g ; t h stam bath is powrful a mor stimulant than b randy its h n c grat supriority ov r intrnal a g nts. I t should b applid from t n to twnty minuts immdiatly on t h app aranc of t h symptoms aft r which t h patint should g o to b d. I f t h c as hav b n too lon g n gl ctd or v ry svr a scond b ath ma y b n c ssary. r qust cg& Attntion to t h followin g p a g i s p arti cul a rl y d.

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4 no mor to b f a r d than a n ordina ry a tta ck of fv r. A S I A T I C CHO L E RA. W hn t h ra v a g s of this dis as wr so s vrly flt in this country in thr wr f w of its victims who profitd by t h rmdial rsourc s thn mployd. Intrnal applic ations wr rarly suc c ssful a n d xprinc g os to prov that t h c auss of failur on t h p a rt of t h fa culty ma y b justly attributd to t h inffi cincy of t h r mdial m ans thn us d. 5 T h symptoms of this dis as a r vidnc s of a suddn loss of t h vital at livin andy h or g pow r. Br a n d othr stimulants ly applid but of thus wr fr thos wh o wr tr atd by f a r t h gr atr numb r wr in a f w hours c on si nd to g t h g ra v W arm or t pid baths found of w. r mor adv anta g th an mdicins a n d if stam b aths thn h a d n brou ht into rquisition b g t h chol would b n ra hav T h sym p toms of Asiatic cholra ar a sli g ht pain in t h r gion of t h n aval followd by copious alvin dischar g s to ths suc c d cold t r mo ' u rs whil a clammy swat b d ws t h surfa c of t h body sicknss a n d v omitin g follow a n d so rapid a r t h unfavourabl s y mptoms in t hir dvlopmnt that in a f w hours a t most t h d adl y collaps nsus. It is vidnt that i n t h abov c ass mor w a rmth a n d vital powr wantin ar g ; t h am bath is powrful st a mor stimulant than brandy its grat supriority ovr hnc intrnal a g nts. It should b applid from t n to twnt y minuts immdiatly on th apparanc of t h symptoms aftr which t h patint should g o to b d. If t h c as hav b n too lon g n gl ctd or vry svr a s cond b ath ma y b n c ssary. {fi v Attntion to t h followin g pa g i s particula rly r qustd.

5 ASIAT I C' CHO L ERA. E x tr a ct s f r om a work p ubli shd i n b y Ca p t a i n Jk y ll R.N. nti t ld I M PO RT A NT FACTS provin g t h grat -utility of CA P T A I N JE KYL L s VA P O U R BATH i n t h CHO L ERA M O RB U S o r T HE EAS T I ND I E s. I r j oic to fi n d t h Cholra M orbus of t h E ast Indis yilds so submissiv ly to t h powrs of stam. Mr. P. a sur on in g Hi s Ma j sty s army informs that m whn stati ond i n t h island of Cylon in wh r t h spasmodic chol ra thn pr v aild h found that t h ap p li c a tion of v apour by mans of vin g ar volatilizd by burnin g arra ck w a s of considrabl utilit y in t h tr atmnt of that mal a dy a n d xprssd his r g r t that b w as not thn p ossssd of my vapour b ath which h thinks would ha v prov d mor b nficial both by t h p culia r mod of g n r atin g a n d t h quabl applic ation of stam to t h surfa c of t h body. Mr. B. a n intlli g nt sur g on in t h Honorabl t h E a st India Company s srvic to whom I h ad som y a rs sinc shown m y vapour b ath a n d xprimnts on st am a n d wh o h a s latly r turnd from a voya g to t h E ast Indis a n d China informd m that svr al of t h shi p s company h a d bn atta ckd with cholra morbus a n d that by t h a pp l i c ation of st am THEY A L L RECOVERED althou g h som of t h c ass wr vry s v r & whr as on formr voya g s thy lost i g ht or t n mn on a n a v ra g. Many of t h o ffi c rs physicians sur g ons &c. of t h army a n d navy who hav s n my v apour b aths ha v d cl ard that t h invntion will b of t h gr atst u s to both srvic s a n d to t h community a t l ar g. From t h p culia r prop rtis of m y st am bath a n d t h of that shockin disordr n atur g ( Asi atic Chol ra &it c r is t ai nl y t h MOST RATIONAL A ND POW ERFUL MEDY RE that c a n b mad u s of. D r. K ntish in a lttr to Ca ptain Jkyll b ars tstimony to utility t h of t h b ath a s a n auxilia ry in t h of cur a rity of ass va d of which is som w r INCURAB L E W ITH O U T IT p a rtic ularly yllow fvr a nd East India chol r a.

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8 ATMOPATHY AND HYDROPATHY HO W TO PRE VENT A ND CURE DISEA SES B Y T H E A PPL I CA T I ON OF ST E A M A ND WA TE R. B Y D A V I D R o s s O F M A NCHE S T ER. L O NDO N S I M P K I N M A R S HA L L A ND C O. MD CCCXL VIII.

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10 CO NT E NT S. Prfa c T h Author s P rsonal Exp rinc O ri g in of this W ork O n Animal Lif a n d A i r Prdisposin g Causs of Dis as Stat of many l a r g Towns wo rs than Chol ra Lic strshir Dwllin g s of t h Rur al Poor Influnc of Educ ation a n d Habit on P ublic Halth Anti q uity of t h W at r Cur O n t h Natur of Disas Dadly Poisons mploy d by t h Fa culty a s Rmdial A g nts Al cohol a s a Poison Dis ass of Childrn T hrush or Spru T thin g W orms W hoopin g Cou g h Indi g stion Jaundic Palsy Rhumatism Gout Vitus S t s. Danc Fits Convul sions or E p il psy Hy st ria

11 i v CONT E NT S Apoplxy Cramp Hy p ochondria c A fi ' ct i on s Costiv nss Colic Chol ra Asiati c Morbus Cholra Dia rrhoa Dysntry Pil s Bl din g a t t h Nos Palpitation of t h H a rt Catarrh Hada ch Infl ammation St. Anthon y s Fir I n fla mma t i on of t h Brain Inflamm ation of t h E y Quinsy a n d P utrid Sor T hroat Group Asthm a Consumption F v r Hyd rophobia Irr gul a r Mnstruation Con g stions of H ad a n d Chst - Skin Disass S c a rl atin a or S c a rl t F vr Burns a n d S calds D afnss E a r - a ch Tooth - a ch Spasms I nfi u n z a D scri p tion of St am B ath Dir ctions f or pa ckin g i n t h W t Sh t Hatin g B anda g or U mschl a g Sitz B ath Foot B ath - Cold Plun g pid B ath T B ath H alf B ath Sol B ath T h Douch CASES C RE o r U B o ss s A T M O P A T H I C B A T n s

12 P R E F A CE. undr HA v I NG t h favour of Divin Providnc b n nstrumntal in chcking i t h progrss of as dis by t h obsrvanc of crtain laws a n d t h application of Simpl rmdis having morovr rstord to p rfct alth many who for ars h y w r t h victims of bodily p ain vn whn t h rmdis of t h s chools h a d provd ctual inff i with n complianc t h wishs of numrous frinds I hav rsolvd to la bfor y t h public a n outlin of t h principls which I hav so succssfully followd a s a ans of p lling m r a n d rmoving dis as. How I bc am poss ssd of a knowldg of t h of natur disas a n d t h ans of m i I will t s r moval n ow xplain. a child I w a s t h victim of ill From h alth. An un c asing a n d xcruciating p ain in t h intllctual rgion of. t h h ad robb d of thir c stasy t h sunny hours of Childhood s happy spring. Mdicin w a s of no avail ; bl ding and blistring wr h a d B

13 t h h ad immdiatly ovr a n d apparntly in t h ys vi PREFACE. rcours to but no bnficial ffcts followd. At on p riod wh n not mor than tn y ars of a g my moth r w a s ordrd to rasp bhind my tndr ars with a worstd thr ad rp ating this trribl tortur daily. Thi s sh continud to d o until natur sunk undr t h procss a n d a dangrous fvr put a n n d to t h p ainful opration. At fourt n ars y of a g I ntrd a mrcantil stabli shmnt i n Manchstr ( my nativ town & with which firm I rmain d until I h a d compltd my twnty - fir st ar up to which p riod I continud to y suffr from t h sam caus. I m a y- hr obsrv that I h a d consultd vry mdical m a n of not that I could m t with but without avail. My mployr placd m undr t h c ar of hi s ow n physician but with n o bttr succss. In dsp air I rli nqui shd all hop s of a cur bliving my disa s to b constitutional a n d byond t h r ach of human Ski ll. I hav said th at my suff rin gs aros from a p ain in som tims a ff cting only on y a n d on Sid of t h had. Notwithstanding th sv rity of t h p ain my Sight w a s n vr a ffctd a proof th at t h. p ain h ad its origin in som othr p art of t h systm a n d w a s but t h rv ald ffct proc ding from som undiscovrd c aus. I w a s vr in lov with litratur and litrary p r suits so much so that I a t lngth ob yd t h promptings of my n atur a n d b took myslf to a litrary profssion. During t h p ast i g ht y ars I ha v b n incssantly mployd in travlling a n d l cturing ; y t with m y chang of lif I did not scap from my formr nmy.

14 H listnd attntivly a n d thn to m y astonishmnt P REFACE. vii At tims it wo uld fastn upon m so suddnly that for ight n hours I hav lain writhing in agony in momntary xp ctation of a ruptur of som of th vssls connctd with t h brain. Othr a n d qually distrssing symptoms followd. I ND I GE S T I CN in i t s most app alling form FLATULENCY WIND Y Com a n d VE R T I Go all in turns assaild m. My digstiv powrs wr so much impaird that for mor th an twlv months I nvr partook of brad. Evn now I marvl whn I look back a n d rfl ct upon t h hop lssnss of my formr condition. In t h arly part of I w a s ngagd in dlivr ing a cours of lcturs in Rochdal at t h clos of on of which a gntlman accostd m. H acom p a ni d m to my lodgings. Th following d a y h waitd upon m again a n d in th cours of convrsa tion askd m if I h a d not suff rd for a long tim from a pain i n th had. I answrd in t h affi rmativ and procdd at onc to giv him a dtail of my suffrings. thus bgan to dscrib my disas a n d thus advisd m rsp cting i t s cur. T h pain which y ou hav so long xp rincd is but t h ff ct of crtain c auss which I wi sh y ou to u n d r st a n d. You a r of a tmp ramnt which i s asily xcitd. Your min d i s f a r too activ for your bodily powrs. With you t h organ of langu ag prdominats. By t h forc of i t s attraction t h optic nrv i s ovr chargd. This will account for t h p ain in your ys. An xcitd a n d irrgular action i s thus produc d. T oo much blood is drivn to t h h ad whilst th xtrmitis a r inadquatly suppli d. ur ft and hands a r Yo B 2

15 viii PR E FACE. gnrally cold vn in T of your h whol summr. systm is d T h art h h lost a s i t s rgul ar rangd. Your organs imp Your mus digstiv a r air action. d. cls a r t oo mu ch rlaxd. Your nrvs a r di sor g a n i z d a n d your Skin i s approaching t o th stat c alld l p r ou s. You a r now p assing through t h sv r r stags of dysp psia. Yours is truly a b a d c as ; b ut with p atinc a n d p rs vranc a cur m a y b fl' c t d. To accomplish this it is n c ssary that you imm d i at l y abandon your prsnt pursuits a n d wan your s lf from your prsnt studis. You must br ath a pur a i r ; a t vry sp aringly ; drink fr ly of watr ; avoid hot drinks ; amus yours lf by dig g ing in a g a r d n ; tak c onstant xrcis in t h op n a i r ; tak a warm b ath daily a n d spung t h body in cold watr aftr ach application ; avoid all kinds of dbilitating drugs ; a n d rtir arly to r st. Follow 1 m p li ci tl y t h abov dirctions a n d all will y t b wll. I n d not s a y how d ply I w a s struck by t h r a s on i n g s o f this GO OD SAMARITAN. H h a d a ccuratly ds crib d my p ains a n d pointd ou t thir caus. I r solvd a t onc to follow h i s instructions. I hastnd hom to L ds (whr I a t that tim rsidd & took a cottag annxd to which w a s a small gardn a n d a t onc commncd op rations. Prior to my commncmnt with t h warm bath my skin app ard to hav lost vry trac of animation. It w a s hot a n d dry a n d of a dull a shy p alnss. T h sw at - drop of h alth h a d long c asd to moistn i t s surfac. My d aily dit n v r xc dd four oun c s. Brad I h a d long c asd to u s a n d I n vr appro a chd t h t abl without rluctanc a n d a s ns of pain.

16 PREFACE. X I b said that I hav for suff rd much from t h windy B a d a s w a s t h pain in t h ad it h colic. mrcy w a s s slf omp ard with Many tims c this. whn Of th violnc t h p aroxysm on m I w a s hav lain till two on a sofa a n d o thr clo ck in t h ng morni not having sufficint powr to walk to my b d ; a n d to complt my mis ry RHEUMATIC p ains r ackd my limbs so that app ard to lif hav f s in w pl asur for rsrv m. S u ch my condition whn I first bgan to tst w a s t h truth of t h instructions _I h a d SO opportunly rc first month that I usd For th; t h b ath I ivd. rmarkd - no p rcptibl cha ng. At Sixth w k natur b gan to rv iv. A t h n d of t h r action of all t h bodily powrs h a d commncd. -T h d w of halth again bgan t o h a d my brow. In thr months I had lost a ll My hands a n d t naturally f wr pain. warm. M ancint nmy y t h p a In l n t h had h a d takn i t s dpartur colic -ha d fld with it ; a n d rhumatism w a s At likwi s t h n d of four m onths I r xplld. sumd my formr full Of nrgy labours lif a n d hop though I h a d n by proc s b som unaccountabl s cr at d a n w. Thr y ars hav Sinc lapsd a n d I a m still in t h njoymnt of unintrruptd h alth p rforming labours wh ich to som will app ar incrdibl a n d my only mdicin is of natur s providing namly frsh AIR EXERCISE a n d abundant a n u s of W ATER. During t h p ast ar I travlld th y hav mor a n mils dlivrd lcturs and conductd a n corrspondnc xtnsiv s ldom staying than ; mor a d a y in a town. This I think will prov that my constitution IS In good working ordr. Whrvr I

17 X PREFACE. h av travlld I hav labourd to sprad knowldg a of t h valu of watr a n d pur a i so that r t h affli ctd might p artak of th blssing of alth ly I h a s fr a s a m now njoying To this n d I studid such hav it. of t h laws of rlation to alth natur a s hav h a n d cultivatd acquaintanc with a n t h scinc of phy si olo gy. I hav vainly nd avourd to fathom t h mystris of th mdical profssors a n d only hav dis cov rd how much t h al mdic m vary in Opinion n with ach I no wish to dtract from hav t h othr. mrits of t h arnd l O f t h Thir works a r faculty. b for t h world By thir fruits ; y sh all know thm. But I know that I hav savd many victims from prmatur gravs whos cass thy h a d pro n ou n c d incurabl a n d I far not to ncountr a n y form O f disas howvr s vr confirmd or malig nant (confir md consumption alon xcptd & b ing c rtain of p rforming a cur _I nvr. hav y t faild. My rmdi s a r simpl a n d of cost bing littl onl y th right Obsrvanc of natur s laws aidd by t h application of ai r a n d watr. In t h following p ags I purpos giving a n lucida tion of thos laws and lmnts which God i n hi s b nvolnc intndd vry human bing to compr hnd of which is indisp to alth ; a knowldg nsabl h to Sinc b ignorant of thm is to incur t h p nalty of p I Shall carfully avoid all mystry ain. a n d giv suitabl xplanations for t h incomprhnsibl t chn i c ali t i s which t h faculty so p rsv ringly mploy. Of dis ass I Shall commnc with thos p culiar to childrn a n d shall carry t h dscription through to lif s rmotst stag. Th ca us of ach dis as I Shall

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19 x ii PREFACE. natur mor attntivly. If halth b worthy of prsrva tion in all dili gnc hastn to bcom b ttr acquaintd with yours lvs so that you m a y a cquir t h m ans of fortifying your c onstitutions against t h assaults O f consuming di s as. That vry Fathr m a y vntually b c om t h Physician of h i s houshold a n d vry Mothr b surroundd by a halthy a n d happy progny I S t h humbl y t arnst prayr of T HE AUTHOR. NO. 1 I v y G r ov M a n chst r.

20 for ourslv s. HYDRO PA T HY. A ll thi n g s m y st ri ou s w sh ou ld doubt i n g s c a n T i s si m p l Tr u th t h a t b st b fi t s t h m an. O N ANIMAL LIFE A ND A I R. M in a n h i rlation to s t h matrial world may b justly considrd t h lord of To cr hi m Is vn gi ation. on ovr domi ni - ry living that movs v cr atur on t h f ac of t h njoys H alon a n xmption arth. from t h fttrs of 1 n st i for his ator n c t Divin Cr h confrrd upon a s hi m t h sup rior powrs of ason r a n d of powrs not Yt ths a r will. maturd ducation ; ( which i but anothr nam for s obsrvation a n d xp ri nc &is r to thir full quisit T h ox go s to his p astur bcaus dvlopmnt. instinct prompts hi m to s k for his thr T h food. hony s gathr thir nctar without b a guid but ; m rarly knows what to what to drink that a n a t or i s most b fitting his h W inhrit f rom but natur alth. f afflictions but daily mployd in ating thm w a r cr

21 Animal lif i s dmonstratd in t h a c t of brathing nothing that w c a n tak a s mdicin food or drink 1 4 ANIMAL LIFE. Cla rly to undrstand th laws of lif and motion t h fi rst principls of animalization 1 s of t h gratst importanc. Without a n a c quaintanc with ths th origin a n d natur of dis ass c annot b undrstood n ithr c a n w prscrib a saf a n d ffi c int rmdy for t h rmoval O f dis as whn it pr s nts its lf in th human systm. just a s locomotiv ngins a r prop lld by st am. In t h a c t of athing w br tak i from n t h atmosphr a flu i d alld c ai r ; a n d cannot w b t oo ct in xa t h choic of it no animal sinc c a n li many minuts v without it b rspiration caus or brathi ng is n cssary for t h circulation of t h blood whn that ; c a n b no longr p rformd t h animal dis. T h stat of t h atmosphr will a t all tims influnc t h public Whatvr tnds to orat it h dtri alth. must ncssarily prdispos t h body to disas a n d c a n afford a just comp nsation for a vitiatd atmosphr. Impur ai r bgts loss of rfrshing Slp loss of app c tit irrgul ar circulation languor a n d intrmitti ng attacks O f fvr ; all of whi ch would hav b n un known if pur air h a d bn abundantly supplid to t h lu n g s. Air is ssntial to all animatd li f ; y t how rarly do m n profoundly l arnd i n -othr rsp cts valu it a s i t dsrvs. Vry f w dwllings a r constructd SO a s to admit a sufficincy of t h lif - prs rving fluid and y t it cannot with safty b disp nsd with. It i s wll known that a i r is inhald or rcivd into ou r s y stms a n d mixd with t h fluids vry instant of our livs i t s diff r nt qualitis c a n altr and vitiat t h

22 PRESSURE O F ATMOSPHERIC AIR. 5 whol txtur of t h blood a n d ani mal juics ; so that dtrioratd ai r continually introducd must in tim produc fatal ffcts. Evry foot squar of th su p rfi c i of bodis s ou r i s prssd upon by wight a of a i qual to r 35 cubic t f of watr which by computation amounts t o pounds wight for vry foot Singl squar of our bodis that if s o t h whol su p r fi ci s of man a body s contain or b qual to 1 5 t as squar f i s commonl y th cas t h wight of t h ci rcumambint ai r h su s tains i qual to pounds wight s or upwards of 1 3 tons. AS this prssur i univrsal s a n d qual in all p arts of t h body a n d is a s thr a i in th blood to rsist r i t s and countract forc t h is not prssur thr a fi br disturbd by i but rathr assistd by its t s prsnc comprssi ng powr in p rforming thir svral d utis. Suddn chang s of t h atmosphr produc corrs pondi ng on th human fram whn p art ffcts ; a of t h prssur i rmov d s with out th ai r confi nd 1 11 t h vssls xpands ths by causing within obstructions a n d sp asmodic action i wak infirm p arts n or ; som tims a s i n childrn a n d prsons of w akly habits a ff cting t h brain ; t h nrvous action i s thus intr ru p t d a n d disordr d hnc a d rangmnt Of t h muscular action must nsu t h qui librium or balanc O f althy powr having bn h dstroyd. h in matchlss Natur r arrangmnts h a a s mad provision against ths suddn changs tndr or ou r frams would b shattrd to pics ; S h causs t h intrnal imp tus by which t h hart acts to b contr alwa ys strong st whn th prssur O f th air i s gratst

23 by t h tra cha a n d mouth. This c onstituts xpir ation 1 6 CHANGE O F AIR. whrby t h blood i s mor briskly imp lld a n d bttr distributd in t h lungs s o that t h whol machinry of lif movs with a briskr motion. It is by rason of ths causs that a chang of ai r is a t tims d md b nficial. Richard Cobdn knw t h of this h his tour valu nc on t h c H h a d ontinnt. p articular but application to businss n o dis as intns h a d prostratd h i animal wnt om s H fr powrs. England invalid a n a n d rturnd aftr months 1 2 travl with rnovatd h T h quantity of ai r alth. whi ch i s inh ald in a n y Singl inspi ation r i dtrmind s ntirly by t h xtnt which t o t h ch st i In s dilatd. individuals who althy a r h a n d rst inspiration a t consists mrly of xp ansion a gntl of t h chst pro d u c d by partial contraction of a t h diaphragm ; a n d such m a y b trm d ordinary a n inspir T h ation. quantity of ai which rushs into r t h lungs during a n inspiration of this kind varis in diffrnt individuals according to t h of siz t h chst or t h xtnt to which t h diaphragm It h n variously sti a s b contracts. m atd i adults n O f siz a middl a t a n d cubic s 40 inch a ffording inchs 2 5cubic a s a m an. Expiration consists in comprssion a of t h lungs by which t h ai is forc d r ou t of thir c lls a n d xp lld a n d thus t h xp ansion a n d contraction O f t h lungs a r provd to thir ability for althy o w h a n d activ purposs to two fundamntal proprtis motiv t h first of which i full d vlopmnt in s a t h organs mployd ; a n d ondly unfailing s c a n a n d unstintd supply of pur ai indisp stimuli providd r a n nsabl by Natur for that nd.

24 closst proximity with ths impuritis. D clin s PRED ISPOSING CAUSES OF D ISEASE. 7 PRED ISPOSING CAUSES OF D ISEASE. If p assing glanc w tak a a t t h s circumstanc which vr work in ountry producing a r a t our ow n c promoting dis shall find that want a n d as w of pur a i r i n suffi cint quantity p ainfully vidn d on ry 1 S c v Evn in t h rural districts whr littl Obstru hand. tion i offrd to s t h atmosphric currnts a pur atmosphr is not a t all tims obtainabl. Want of ffi cint aps Of aying vgtabls with drainag h d c various kinds of composing Substancs d all th s a r constantly undrgoing changs hrowing t O ff noxious xh ala t i forming clouds of on s miasm which surround a a n d p into n tr at t h gs dwllin of su ch in a s a r fvrs a n d consumptions a r thus introducd a n d rapidly cir culatd amongst t h un happy victims who dr am not of t h dangr to which thy a r thus con st a n t l y xposd. Y t t h vil admits abov of Sp dy If a rmdy. unsightly sspools rmovd from c wr t h vicinity of dwllings t h a n d t h surfac watr convyd away by chann ls if prop r ; t h drains a n d ditchs wr thoroughly ansd cl a n d kpt in good working ordr ; f v r p would rarly a n d stilnc b ard h of a n d hum a nity would not so fr quntly b taxd to fi n d r m di s for a n d provid t h intrmnt of t h suff r rs. c abins T h O f t h Irish p asantry ( ma n y o f which h v nithr a w m d chimny ow n or & not fit d wllings a r hum n b wondr that fvr f or a NO h rvlld a s ings. SO long in that ill fatd So - c f w a r t h ountry.

25 much 1 8 P RED ISPOSING CAUSES chancs th at ar givn to lif th at it i s matt r for surpris that mor hav n ot p rishd numrous a s hav b n t h d aths which hav of lat occurrd thr. Yt b ad a s t h country assurdly i s t h towns prsnt a wors a sp ct. T h vidnc laid op n to t h public by t h lat sanitary commission arfully f intrprts t h origin of dis in as Not. a singl town England is wll laid a s ou t f halth it might hav or a s Crtain parts Of t h mtropolis modrn a r a bn. Golgotha th living and whr t h dad huddld a r togthr in confusd atur Whr n i ast s l haps. st opprssd t h av rag of lif i s gr at a c rtain proof of t h ans disposal m a t ou r f arrsting or a n d disposin g Of dis as. T h following xtract from a rcnt n umbr of th Athnaum will srv to illustrat t h facts now undr considration. W ORSE THAN CHOLERA. It m a y sound strang in many ars to b told that ass amongst mor than th w hav dis u s dstructiv CHOLERA but sanitary rturns and ; t h bills of mortality lav no doubt to a s t h Fvr of a fact. malignant charactr h p rmanntly ndmic a s bcom in most of at s ou r gr town a n d Cholra i a s citis. transint visitor app aring only g intrvals to a t lon c arr y off hundrds of thousands fvr g solly & arisin from imprfct nitary s is stant sa rgulation ou r con Th c rtain artrs in London gu r a r qu st. a n d in a ll provincial towns larg from which it is nvr absnt loc alitis in which - t h ion Of human dstruct lif

26

27 2 0 PREDISPOSING CAUSES w xtract t h following statmnt of facts which will xhibit som of t h caus s which contribut to t h p r o. p a g at i on of disas. LEICESTERSHIRE. DW ELLINGS O F T H E RURAL POO R A n a ppli ca tion w a s m ad to t h magistrats in p tty sssions a t Luttrworth o n t h 30t h ult. by t h clrk Of t h Board Of Guardians of t h Luttrworth Union for t h assist anc Of t h magistrats in t h ab atmnt of t h nuisan c s c ontiguous to t h gr atr p art of t h dwllings Of t h poor p opl in t h villag of Walcot. It w a s statd on t h authority of t h survyors who h a d i nsp ctd t h dwllings of t h p aup rs that thy wr in so unwholsom a stat from want of prop r dr ainag t h a c cumulation of ofi ' n si v mattr. a n d t h f arfully crowdd stat of t h buildings that typhus f v r w a s in c r asd alarmingly by thos caus s. T h m dical who attndd said that good ould mc r littl c b ctd unlss ff som of t h buildings pulld down wr a n d quantity of PURE HOLESOME AIR a gr atr A ND W could b obtaind for t h Many of t h rmaindr. cottags originally built for wr coal Shds a n d work shops but a s t h populati on as d thy incr h a d n b convrtd into dwllin s thus from to g ; tim tim asing numb until incr thir r a d n of p stilnc a n d filth s rc ly c a t o b xc d d in a n y of t h Irish villags h a d b n t h consqun c. Enough h a s b n said to Show how n cssary it is to improv t h dwllings Of t h poor. Human b ings ought not to b wors hous d a n d f d than hors s a n d

28 p loughman. Childrn thus crammd a r sldom wll. O F D ISEASE. 1 dogs y t millions of th human much rac a r wors providd Soldirs commodious barracks hav for. p r o v i d d for thm in thir ap artmnts ; pur ai r i frly s d distribut a n d t h daily drill finds fi mplo mnt t y f or t h Surly t h g toilin milli ons hav claims muscls. upon our humanity alth quit a s H i th poor s strong. man s stat a n d a govrnmnt will labour with wis industry t o prsrv it. Educ ation a n d habit hav much to do with t h stat of public h alth a s w ll a s public morals. T h childrn of t h poorr classs a r not th only suffrrs in this rsp T ct. h following xtract takn from a lat num br of t h JOURNAL O F HEALTH will throw con si d r ab l light o n t h origin of many of th ills that fl sh is said to b hir to. It i s amusing to h ar a nrvous fmal whos daily xrcis consists in going up a n d down stairs two or thr ' tims a d a y a n d Shopping onc a w k com plain that sh cannot prsrv h r strngth unlss S h ats fr ly of animal food a n d taks h r win and portr Similar opinions w hi ch qually rronous daily. a r prvail lss among mor or all A child in t h classs. arms annot thriv it c i supposd unlss p amp rd s occasionally with t h l g of a chickn pic or a of to A child going to school must bacon b f d on suck. ali mnt strong nough for t h digstiv powrs Of a Thy a r attackd by convulsions i n fl amm at i on s d i s ass of t h Skin and dropsy of t h brain ; t h natural apptit i s gon ; t h physician i calld in who if s h informs t h mothr of t h truth a n d adviss h to r giv t h child onl brad and milk it y i s sldom that sh C

29 was of mor valu than twnty y ars of lif. 2 PRED ISPOSING CAUSES obys hi s S h i afraid of starving s h r instructions. littl on a n d so sh gos cramming and on st u fi n g with stards and soups till is cu natur ovrcom a n d confi rmd dis consigns as t h suffrr to ars y of ami c tion a n d p n a i unl ss t h fri ndly hand of ath d clos t h scn. Out - door xrcis a n d plain dit a r all that childrn rquir. T h youthful fram rquirs to b str n g th nd by natural m ans. Childrn should not hav thir young minds cumbrd with tasks a n d mntal drudgry O f vry kind Should b avoidd. Th brain should nvr b ovrtaskd in childhood. How crul a r thos p arnts who punish thir childrn by cramming thm full Of book-l arning xp cting t h blossom Of wisdom b for t h human plant h a s maturd its stm. T h childrn Of t h p asantry a r p hysic ally stron g bcaus th y follow thir p arnts to t h fi lds a n d ch a s t h buttrfly or gambol amidst t h flow rs. NO aftr c ar c a n comp nsat t h constituti on for l a ck of ths njoymnts in lif s rosy sprin T g. h foundation O f a vigorous constitution must thn b laid. All sdntary mploymnts a r opposd to h alth. In t h strif for gain how f w attnd to th ir bodily wants. T h activ mind vr urgnt outstrips t h body s Sp d. No rspit i s allowd it. W ak muscls a r no xcus. If natur s springs a r loosnd alco holic stimul ants A timly c a r littl ar administrd. and littl m ntal rst would h rstord xhaustd a av to its formr powr but natur t h c annot tim b Spard from businss though p a s a a g in a d a book y - Again in th articls of drss h ow littl rgard is paid

30 improvd by ha v ing thir work - shops bttr vntilatd O F D ISEASE. 2 3 to h Fashion not convninc ruls a t h lth. world. Many fair a dam m a y b s n on inclmnt wintr nights p g with c aution ovr acin c a t - lik t h chilling p avmnt in h slipp rs r a n d gossamr sto ckings fit articls only for mthinks a Yt som drawing-room. such p rson would indignantly rp l t h ch of a rg nglignc a n d point ingly to xult t h minivr about t h chst a n d n Against light but warm clothin ck. g thr c a n b urgd no Obj ction but t h fur should b applid to t h t f a n d Cold t f a r t h p r ancls. cursor O f fvr a n d host a of kindrd ills a n d with y t a littl timly car thy m a y gnr ally b avoidd. Old Parr s m a x 1 m should vr b rmmbrd. Hi s rul of li f w a s to k p th f t warm a n d t h h ad cool. Thr a r c rtain trads a n p d. rofssions t h followrs of whi ch a r xposd to dis a ss of various kinds. All sdntary mploymnts a r m or or lss inj urious. Y t t h condition of t h op rat iv classs m a y b gr atly a n d by attntion p aid to dit a littl mor a n d A m who a n h n straining his Sinws a s b f or drinks. hours 1 0 or 1 2 ou t of t h 2 4 i s not SO much injurd by his toil a s h who abuss his constitution by ovr lo ad - ing his ch with food stoma of a n indigstibl kind. atr Simplicity in dit will Gr b followd by gnral a improvmnt in halth a n d hungr or n app a k tit will much trur rlish to plain food than s giv a sauc c a n to xpnsiv dishs. Havi ng thus brifly g lan c d a t a f w of t h prominnt causs Of dis as w will now c ommnc a d scription of th di s ass to which w a r x p osd giving thm C 2

31 2 4 A N T I Q U I T Y or T H E in t h ordr in whi ch thy ris ; b u t a s th r m di a l agnt or agnts will b app ndd to ach cas or d i s tinct form of dis as a f w gnral obsrvations r l a tiv t o t h antiquity of t h W A T ER CURE a n d i t s ffi c a cy a s a rmdial agnt will aptly apply hr. Having gi v n a n outlin of my ow n c a s a n d i t s radical cur ( in t h prfac of this work & I m a y h r obsrv that t h dtails of t h scinc of HYD ROPATH Y wr first impartd to m by Mr. JOHN E D GAR of Silsia Hous Barn t ( a tru a n d worthy follow r of t h gr at Prssnitz it who H w a s fi rst taught m t h &. ffi c acy of a w t sh t a s a m ans of rmoving fvr. In anothr plac I shall ntr mor a t lngth into th s mattrs ; a t prs nt I am ab out to p rov t h Antiquity of t h Watr Cur. I t s unsp akabl valu a s a rmdial agnt will aftrwards b shown. A N T I Q U I T Y O F THE W A T ER CURE. HIPPOCRATES who by birth Coan is rg d d w a s a a r by t h rnd l a a s t h fathr of Hi volumi s physicians. nous writings stood hav t h tst of criticism for upwards of two thousand dply d H w a s r a yars. in natur s laws a n d coul d with wondrful ability xp l all dis ass from t h human fr am. Hi s pra ctic univrsally to w a s ascrtain t h at s a n d origin of th nxt sought dis as. H t o rliv natur of vry obstruction by rmoving all circumstancs unfavourabl from t h p To avoid all xc ss of hot dit a n d atint. drinks vr w a s hi s rul watr ; pur w a s t h only bvrag h administrd and acrid or Hot allowd.

32 W A T ER CURE. 5 humours b xplld from t h body by warm b aths a n d gntl xrcis. a tonic h rcommndd and AS practisd cold bathing. W a t r p a r a i r si m p l f ood x r ci s a n d r st wr t h only mdicins h mployd. CA U L I U S AURELIANUS a Numidian who livd about t h tim of GALEN mad u s of watr a s a sovrign rmdy fo r p a ls y a n d r hu ma ti sm i nd i g s ti on o r w a kn s s of t h s t oma c h j a u ndi c s p ln obstr u c ti on s a n d also fo r p a i n s i n t i l b a d. H fi c t d most of hi s curs by m ans of prspirations. T h sacrd writings abound with vid nc l n favour of watr a s t h na tural b nfactor of m a n. T h E gyp tians a n d Chald ans hld watr in gr at rsp ct. T h o ld Prsians mad it thir onl y bvrag. T h Gr ks a n d Romans dmd t h bath a luxury fi t for thir d itis. PYTHAGORAS SOCRATES D i o GE NE S a n d most of t h at gr m n of antiquity wr mor i n lov with watr ( both b a s a vrag a n d rmdy in c ass a o f disa s &than v n t h most sanguin of i dmirrs t s a of t h prsnt a g. T h worthis o f antiquity gav proof of i t s fficacy a s thy livd gnrally to a n xtrm old a g. PLINY who born w a s a t Vrona i Italy livd in n t h tim of Vspa sian; H w a s t h gratst naturali st of all t h work atural history H wrot a on n ancints. comprising vn thirty- s H likwis wrot t h books. lif of Nro a n d many othr Having appro ach d works. too nar Vsuvius during on of its ruptions h w a s suffocatd in sixtith t h yar of his a g says. H that t h ancints c d by hot n i A L L D I S EA S E S a n d cold bathing a n d nithr rquird nor sought any othr rmdy.

33 B A C CI U S ( a n abl p h y S 1 c 1 a n a n d author of th si x 6 ANTIQUITY o r T H E t n t h c ntury & atis in favour of wrot a n laborat tr hot a n d old bathing for c t h purpos of rmoving fvrs a n d i n fi a mm a t i on s. S I R JO H N thus rsp cting FL O Y E R wrot t h watr cu r in r addrss d to frind who a ltt a h a d con sult d hi m on t h subj T h lttr is addrssd ct. from L i chfi ld a n d b ars dat April 2 l st Cold bathing chcks t h s alt humours a n d prvnts thir frmntation a t t h sam tim it dir cts th c ir culation towards t h k i dnys a n d vacuats t h salt s rum in t h n atur al w a y. In cass of p alsy t h warm b ath should prcd th cold on. Cold bathing will prvnt a s wll a s cur t h rickts in childrn. It will likwi s stop violnt h mmorrh a g s of t h womb a n d prvnt t h infction of fvrs by rndring th body lss s nsibl of t h changs of t h ai r. Lprosy a n d all cutanous dis ass a r r adily ovrcom by t h daily u s of hot a n d cold baths. T h ancints hld thir baths in t h fi rst stimation. Gymnastic xrcis s wr introducd a s a m ans of confi rmi ng t h advantags which t h bath h a d confrrd on t h body. T h Right BACON Lord Honourabl FRA NCI S High Chanc llor of England undr Jams t h First in his Natural History tlls us that bathing i to s conduciv h alth a n d t h prolongation of lif. Rom ans ctd magnificnt T h r T h baths baths. of D i o cl si a n t h Emp ror h a d s ats for thousand thr p who might b without s ing ach opl ath othr. T h rmains of t h sumptuous b aths rctd by Con st a n t i b his convrsion as wll as built n for thos

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35 8 AN T I QU I T Y O F T H E mnt to halth if thy would b ut t hrow away th ir groundd u n prjudi cs. T h lits much usd to immrsion ough Isra wr thr t h xampl of t h Egyptians amongst whom thy livd many hundrd yars. Morovr aman curd by dipping s vn Na w a s tim s in t h rivr Jorda n. T h crippls likwis rcivd miraculous cur s in t h pool of B thsda T h blind wr rstord t o sight in t h p ool of Siloam. Trtullian informs u s that St. P t r baptizd many i n t h rivr Tibr. It w a s t h custom of t h Jws and all Asia to wash t h n w - born childrn in salt a n d watr t o mak thir Skin h ard a n d t h sam practic i s still adhrd to in England by many mi nnt midwivs. D aily ablutions i n cold watr rndr t h skin insnsibl to t h changs which a r mor or lss constantly occurring in t h atmosphr. T h abov authoritis clarly show t h antiquity of t h practic. a n absurdity thn for m n to f ar What to mak u s of that instimabl fluid which n ot only contributs to t h maintnanc of h alth but which i s ( a s xp rinc provs & so valuabl in t h rmoval of disas. W will now d to proc dscrib t h svral forms of disas a n d show h ow t h watr cur must in ach p articular cas b applid. A dscription of t h tr atmnt of th l arnd doctors will also b givn with t h natur of th mdicins which thy ap p l y

36 than fiftn hundrd forms Of dis as. This howvr W ATER CURE. 9 from which it will r adily b sn h ow much t h watr cur i s sup rior to vry rmdial agnt that t h faculty mploy. O N THE NATURE O F D ISEASE. Hoopr in his Mdical Dictionar y Sp aking Of dis a s or morbus says Tha t a n y dviation from t h n atural a n d h althy actions of t h whol systm or a n y p articular organ cons t ituts disas. This abov dclaration i s prfc tly cl ar and ma y r adily b undr stood ; but othr minnt writrs contnd for n ot lss i s by no m ans t h cas. Thr ma y b fi ft n hundrd symptoms just shads a s innumrabl a n d sh ad ovvi n g s producd out a r O f a f w primitiv A n d it i s colours. of that symptoms Should importanc ths b arly cl Thy u a r t h pags which if rightly ad r ndrstood. and intrprt d will al at onc rv t h origin of t h di sas. Hnc it i s ncssary that a knowldg of t h structur a n d functions of t h hum an body should b first acquird b for a n individual c a n un drtak to prscrib f or t h rmoval Of a n y disas. To r ad and cl arly undrstand t h symptoms of various forms of dis as i s indispnsabl t o thir cur. Hoopr says morovr th at disas m a y b loca l ffcting only a particular p art it som ; or m a y b c on s ti t u ti on a l ffct a ing t h systm it whol ; or m a y b S p ci fi c markd by som di sordrd vital action not common to as dis in gnral but p culiar to t h individual disas ; or it ma y b id i o p a t/zi c p r i m a r and not dpndnt any y on

37 thr is a common standard to which all m n rfr. will cla rly Show. 30 T H E NATURE othr it c aus or m a y b s y m p t oma ti c or s y m p a th ti c a n d ompany othr acc som dis as it ; or m a y b p ri odi c a l rcurrin fixd p riods it g a t ; or m a y b a c u t svr a n d of short continuanc if long ; or c on t i n u d assum a chr on i form it c ; or ma y b p i d mi c and gn r ally d i fi h sd among a population. It m a y aris from c on t a g i on or som atmosphric or othr caus t h influnc of which i s xtnsivly flt. It m a y a lso b h r di t a r y dscnding from th p a r nt to t h child or it m a y b a c q ui r d not li r d i t a r y but dp ndnt upon som la ws Op r ating aftr birth. D i s as m a y a ssum a n a s tlzn i c form at tndd with strong a ctivity of t h vital organs or a stli ni attndd with a Sinking a n d gnral prostration of th vital powrs. Though Hoop r thus givs us h i s dfi n ition of t h origin a n d form of disa s y t it cannot b supposd that h is infallibl a s a guid. T h practic of mdicin is notoriously imp rf ct. In othr branchs of scinc W c a n dmonstra t a disputd point in mathma tics or gomtry a n d fi n d a b asis on which vry thor y must rst ; but in t h practic O f mdicin it i s mor a m attr of individual opinion a s th following vidnc D R. RUSH says That t h f aculty fail to cur b thy xhibit want dis as caus a of knowldg of it. In numb r a lat of t h British a n d Forign Rvi w w fi n d t h following important That t h admission. intrmittnt natur of dis must crtainly as b b ttr undrstood b p mdicin for w c a n r actis sci n t i fi And in th London Mdical Rpository vol. ii. cally. p. 9 7 w fi n d th following candid yt appalling

38 O F D ISEASE. 1 Aftr a n intrval of y a rs acknowldgmnt. from t h stablishmnt by Hippocrats of what m a y b rasonably dnominatd mdical s to this it cinc tim is that sufficint r markabl a numb r of or facts data not b n rcordd for laying foundation hav t h O f a full a n d convincing thory of dis as a s f sp a r a s r cts i t s caus a n d cur. whatvr w assum to b a If rational mdical t hory must b foundd on a s ris of actual facts a nd not o n gratuitous data a n d if thr i s individually a paucity O f such facts a n y plan to rmov this difficulty by whomsovr proj ct d or by whatvr mdium givn to t h public dsrv s a n d will rc iv a continuanc a n d a n approval proportionat to i t s mrits. D R. BUCHAN says & Physicians a r oftn mistakn a s to t h locality of dis as i n childrn sp cially. D R. RUSH asks & How oftn physicians ought to blush prscriptions whn upon a a t thir p ost - m or t m xamination thy find that thy hav altogthr mis takn t h locality O f t h disas. In anothr plac t h doctor comp ars t h scinc of mdicin to a n unroofd tmpl crackd at t h sid s a n d rottn a t t h foundation. HIPPOCRATES says That a ll disa ss rsmbl ach othr in f or m i n v a si on m a r ch and d cli n t h typ of all dis a s s b ing t h sam. D R. THATCHER author of t h Amrican Disp nsa tory s ays All disass originat from ol st r a ct d p r s p i r a ti on. D R. DIXON author of Fallacis of th Faculty says It w a s my fortun to b mor arly staggrd with t h inadquacy of rcivd doctrins ithr to xplain di s

39 32 NATURE O F D ISEASE. as or to cur it. Hi s opinion of disas is th a t it h a s but on caus a n d that i n t rmi t t n t. D R. HARVEY who first discovrd a n d dmonstr a t d t h circulation of t h blood says & It cannot b told in f w r words that h alth is a f r ci r c u la ti on a n d th a t sickn ss i s a n obs t r u c t d ci r c u la ti on Of t h blood. From t h authoritis thus rfrrd to it i vidnt s th at arly n all dis ass common origin namly hav a Obstructd irrgular circulation or of t h blood or of t h various fluids which flow into from or t h blood through t h various absorb nt a n d s c r t n t vssls among which a r t h in numrabl littl ducts commonly c all d t h pors of t h skin all of which a r connctd with t h blood vssls a n d form with millions of littl ducts from various mmbrans in t h body what i s trmd t h c apillary systm. T h d ata so long rquird i s a t lngth discovrd a s wll a s t h most fficint m ans for rmoving all obstructions b y p r o m p t a n d copious p rspirations. Thus Hydrop athy will do away with t h ncssity which long tolratd t oo t h of u s t h blistr a n d lan t hot c Sinc a n d cold watr will both rmov t h prssur of as dis a n d halthy rstor a circulation of all t h fluids in t h s stm whn vry y othr ans faild to p rfct m hav t h cur. D EADL Y POISONS O R REMED IAL AGENTS EMPLOYED B Y THE FACULTY I N THE REMOVAL OF D ISEASE. Howvr much som m n m a y dr ad to ncountr t h rmdis mployd in t h W a t r Cu r thy hav only

40 and mi n r a ls which thy by adhring t o t h Old systm POISONS. 3 t o bcom acquaintd with th tru natur of th d r u g s to p artak a r mad of occasionally in ordr to c on thm v inc of t h impossibility of Obtaining alth by h such rronous Poisons that condmnd m a r ans. whn sd by u t h murdrr sold at noon a r - d a y a s p h y s i o. Mrcury ars nic a n d prussic acid hav brought many to t h gallows a n d y t thy a r givn a s mdici ns in almost vry form of dis as. T h rmdy in such cas s i s dciddly wors than t h dis as. If th afflictd knw at all tims what thy wr daily p a rtaking of t h w y ould d i of afl ' ri g ht ; in vr y mrcy this knowldg is dnid thm ; for many p rsons such for hav a lov p h y si that thy p o atroniz t h drug vndr thr than ra t h T h formr physician. givs thm a d quantum for thir mony th lattr u allows than n o mor h b livs to b ncssary in thir cas. T h following list c ontains t h nams of th rmdial agnts mployd by t h faculty in t h vain hop of rmoving dis as. Strong indd must b t h constitution that c a n Surviv t h a ssaults which such d adly ingrdints a r constantly making upon thm. Dr. Hoopr whn sp aking of M r c u r y says & That whn it fall s on t h mouth a t tims it producs such svr inflammation that m ort i fi c a ti on Of t h p art frquntly nsus a n d y t mrcury is univrsally mployd a s a mdicin a t this tim. Hoop r says that A r sn i c acts upon t h animal conomy a s a d adly poison vn whn givn in quantitis so minut a s to b insnsibl to t h tast. t h bodis of thos who If hav takn it a s a mdicin wr xamind aftr dath a s much might b discovrd as would justif y a jury i n

41 drop of t h a cid dilutd with s vral drops of alcohol 3 4 POISONS. r turning a vrdict of murdr. It m a y howvr b said in xtnuation that it is t h custom so to kill a n d s o t h n d justifis t h m ans. D R. BLACK whn Sp akin g Of A r snic says & T h symptoms produc d by a dangrous dos of ars nic b gin to app ar in a quartr of a n hour aftr it i s takn ; fi rst sicknss a n d gnral distr ss of stoma ch succ dd by thirst a n d burning h at in t h bowls ; thn com o n violnt vomitings s v r c oli c pains a n d xcssiv p ainful purging ; this brin gs on faintings with cold sw a ts a n d othr signs of gr at dbili ty ; to this succ d p ainful amps cr a n d ontractions c of t h lgs a n d thighs ; a n d lastly aknss xtrm w a n d d ath. H y d r oc y a n i c or p r u ssi c a ci d is anoth r d adly poison frquntly mployd by t h It is of so fa culty. fatal ctr that if drop Of it wh n in a cha r a on t h pur stat b dropp d o n t h tongu of dog a h falls dad two or A aftr thr c f p rticls w a onvulsions. a pplid to t h y p roduc Similar fl c t s. O n Singl inj ctd into t h jugular vin will kill t h animal a s suddnly a s though it h a d b n struck with lightning. In animals thus poisond s c arc ly a n y tra c of irrita b i li t y is dis c rnibl i n t h mus cls a f w momnts aftr d ath. ( S Hoo p r s M d i ca l D i c ti on a r y p a g O x a li c a ci d i s anothr of t h dangrous rmdis mployd by t h fa culty. Hoop r in his Mdical Dic tionary p ag 9 7 s ays That oxali c a cid a cts a s a & v i oln t p oi son whn swallowd in t h qu antity of two o r thr dra chms. W fr qu ntly r ad of d aths h aving o c currd through th mistaks mad by drugs

42

43 Th thr minra l acids. Iodin. Nitr. Ammonia a n d i t s salts. 36 P OISONS. dstroyi ng t h vigour of th constitution it w a s mant to sav. Poisons a r arrangd into four classs namly irritant narcotic acrid a n d sptic or p u t r fi n t. T h following a r slctd from Hoopr s Mdical Dictionary pag I RRITANT POISONS. Sulphur. Chl orin. Oxali c acid. T h fixd alkalis. Alkalin a n d arthy chlorids. A lk alin sulphurts. T h compounds of ars nic. T h compounds of mrcury. T h compounds of copp r. T h compounds of a n t i m on v. Th compounds of tin silvr gold bismuth chrom and zinc. T h compou nds of l ad. C astor oi l s ds gambog. Croton Jalap Cantharids. Disasd a n d dcayd animal mattr vnomous sr p nts a n d inscts a n d various othr poisons p rtaining to this class.

44 P OISONS. 7 NARCOTIC POISONS ; Or such a s produc drangmnt of t h nrvou s systm. Opium. Chlorin g a s. H y osch y amu s. Ammoni cal g a s. Lactuca. Muriatic g a s. S a l a n um. S ul p h r t t d hydrogn. Hydrocyanic acid. Carbonic acid. Carb or t t d hydr ogn. Ni t r oi I s oxid. Nitric oxid g a s. Cyanogn. NARCOTIC ACRI D POISONS. A ll of thi s class possss a action bin doubl g both local ritants similar in action to thos Of th ir first class a n d producing in addition rmot though i n ju r i ou s ff lik to th scond cts i Thy n a r quality. a s follows. Nightshad. Nox vomica. Thorn - appl. Camphor. Tobacco. Coca lus in di cus. Hmlock. Up as untir. Watr hmlock. Hmlock dropwort. Poisonous fungi. Darnl grass Fool s parsly. Sds of th common labur Monk s hood Black hllbor. n um. Alcohol I p c a c u a n. Ethr. Scal n or cu t u m. Whit hllbor. Foxglov. Madow saffron. Sds of th bittr vtch &c.

45 38 AL C O HOL. It wr uslss to multiply t h c a uss of di s as t a which t h b odis of t h gr at bulk of socit y a r c ona st a n t l y xpos d. Yt wh n a tri fling dfct xists i n t h fram a n d mdic al a i d i s Ob taind h ow Obvious a r t h risks to b incurr d by drnching t h systm with drugs a n y on of which will if administr d alon in incrasd quantity or prsvrd in for a tim prostrat t h strongst fram a n d dstroy t h functions of t h h althist body. Alcoholi c drinks mrcury opium gamb og iodi n a n d t h lanct a r sufficint to caus dath a t a n y tim a n d t h vi ctims that a r daily dstroyd by t h m ans mployd in t h hop of affor ding rlif from som partial attack of dis as a r n ough to affright a world. Would that t h public wr but bttr informd a s to t h tru nath r o of th s poisons. A lc oli ol is a n a crid n arc otic poison. T h strongst vidnc h a s o f lat y ars b n brought t o b ar against t h u s of this p rnicious drug. T h ' m ost minnt of th facult y hav unitd in d claring it unncssary for p rsons in h alth. Li big a nd a host of minnt physiologists hav ably dmonstratd t h dangr t o which all a r xposd who pa rtak of it. N a rly physicians a n d mdical practitionrs hav dnid its utility a s a bvrag. Millions of p rsons in ths countri s wisly discontinud it ha v a n d its abandon mnt h n followd by improvmnt in a s b a visibl t h halth of who w long by thos r t h of custom forc a n d prjudic wddd to its u s. LIEBIG says Th at alcohol intrfrs with rspir a tion a n d imp ds. It morov r dstroys digstion. t h finr tissus of t h body by rndring thm callous

46 its victims a r annua lly hurrid to prmatur gr avs. AL COHO L. 39 a nd insnsibl. It dstroys mor victims annually than p stilnc a n d wa r a n d by sapping t h foundations of alth it inducs rity of habits h irrgula a n d dis ciplin a n d opns wid t h flo od - gats of ality immor a n d c rim. It only prostrats intllctual powrs but it n o t t h c onsums ( slow lik a furnac &t h strngth a n d las t i c i t y o f t h physic al struc tur. T h mo st a thltic fra m s a n d frshst c onstitutions a r alik ovr t hrown by its ncroa ching powr. S ixty thousand of And y t s o bwitching i s i t s influnc that m n of vry grad a n d stati on in socity tam ly st a ggr undr t h loa d of c alamitis impos d by this custom - cr atd f o. Al ohol but It c stimula ts c annot b sto w h i s alth. no ar mnt in its g u t o urg dfnc th at physicians omm nd it to th ir p As rc h a s b shown n atints. thy in a r t h d aily habit of r ommnding c a ckn ow l od g d p oi to wit son s a r s ni c o p i u m m r c u r y a mmon i a ox a li c a ci d a n d many This 1 8 on of t h othrs. anomalis of t h aling h tr ad fli n t whi ch a r kno w n t o ki ZZ a r g i v n t o p r om ot a c u r. This will a t onc ac c ount for t h want of succ ss which attnds t h fa culty a n d mocks thir attmpts to rstor t h p atint s systm t o h alth a n d strngth whn natur if unim p d d would i vry many omplish n ca ss acc a cur. A ll who wish for h alth must abandon t h of u s S nsibl m nvr it to n rquir promot alcohol. so cial T h Bottl ( a s Cruikshank Gorg njoymnt. h shown a s & is dangrous comp frindship a Tru anion. xist without Domstic p ac rarly abids c a n it. D 2